Typical Shingle Conditions That Determine The Need For A New Roof.
Below are samples in determining Do I Need A New Roof?
Rotting is caused by absorption of moisture by the mat at the core of the shingle. This is a common problem with organic-based shingles.
Replace with Owens Corning Fiberglas® mat shingles.
Improperly applied felt
Roof deck movement
Spacers not used in between roof deck boards
Poor roof ventilation
New shingles applied over old, rough shingles
Allow moisture to escape the Roofing System. This can be a slow process and could take until the following spring. Once the Roofing System reaches the proper moisture content, the roof should lay flat and the buckling problem should not return.
Remove the shingles that are affected. Cut the wrinkle in the felt and replace the shingles.
Normally a certain number of granules will be loose, especially after application. These granules are called "riders" and are a normal result of the manufacturing process. Granule loss does not affect the service life of the shingles unless granules can be seen missing on the surface of the shingles, thus exposing the asphalt or Fiberglas® mat.
On aging shingles, missing granules indicate a need for replacement.
Moisture in the shingle
If the blisters break open revealing the asphalt, the affected shingles should be replaced.
Consult with the manufacturer of the shingles.
Algae growth causes a dark discoloration on roofs. The algae is usually brown to black in color which results in a streaked, dirty looking rooftop. It can be mistaken for soot, dirt or tree droppings, which typically produce only localized discoloration. It's caused by the growth of air-borne algae which deposits on your roof. The good news is that algae growth does not affect the service life of your roofing material. It occurs most often in warm, humid climates such as the Southeast (where algae-resistant shingles are available).
Discoloration of roofs caused by fungus or algae is difficult to remove, but may be lightened by spraying a diluted solution of chlorine bleach, trisodium phosphate, and water onto the roof. Solutions range from one cup TSP, one gallon bleach and four gallons of water, to one cup TSP and 2.5 gallons each of bleach and water. This solution can then be rinsed from the roof in 10 to 15 minutes. Do not scrub. Scrubbing will loosen and remove granules. After spraying be sure to thoroughly flush the roof and the greenery around the home (grass, bushes and shrubs) with water. The effectiveness of this type of cleaning may only be temporary, and the discoloration may recur. High pressure washing is not recommended due to the possibility of removing granules, thereby shortening the life of the Roofing System.
Lack of back coating
Under-saturation of asphalt felt in organic shingles
Lack of ventilation
Improper number of fasteners
Check location and number of fasteners
Added roof ventilation can often correct
Exposure to high winds
Replace shingles which have completely blown off. For shingles with tabs blowing up and down, hand seal the shingles with an asphalt plastic cement, commonly referred to as flashing cement. This roofing cement must comply with ASTM D4586 -- Type I or Type II which is the standard specifically for asbestos-free asphalt plastic roof cement. (Some products meeting this standard may involve hazardous materials. This bulletin does not purport to address all of the safety and health problems associated with the use of materials meeting this specification. It is the responsibility of the user to observe the safety and health practices as determined by the manufacturer of the product and stated on the label, instructions and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS).
To hand seal, lift each tab of a 3-tab shingle and apply two spots of the cement under each tab. Each spot should be approximately the size of a quarter and placed 1" to 2" from each end of the tab and near the bottom. Laminated shingles require 4 spots of cement per shingle. After application, press the tab down firmly to start the bond. Be careful not to apply the cement too close to the bottom of the tab. This causes the cement to squeeze out when the tab is pressed down.
Improper installation on a new roof
Drying and cracking on an old roof
Dented by improper nailing
Settling of the structure
In most cases it is only necessary to remove and replace the flashing and shingles around the damaged area.
Spots are caused by leaks in the roof.
Check attic for leaks in deck.
Check chimney and vents for cracks in flashing.
Check rafters for leaks that "travel" away from original source.